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Please note that the Installer link on that page no longer works; use one of the links under the Assets section instead. In order to run the exercises in this hands-on lab, you will need to set up your environment first. Throughout the lab document, you will be instructed to insert code blocks. For your convenience, most of this code is provided as Visual Studio Code Snippets, which you can access from within Visual Studio to avoid having to add it manually.

NOTE] Each exercise is accompanied by a starting solution located in the Begin folder of the exercise that allows you to follow each exercise independently of the others. Please be aware that the code snippets that are added during an exercise are missing from these starting solutions and may not work until you have completed the exercise.

Inside the source code for an exercise, you will also find an End folder containing a Visual Studio solution with the code that results from completing the steps in the corresponding exercise. You can use these solutions as guidance if you need additional help as you work through this hands-on lab.

Real-Time Web Application Development

Each predefined collection is designed to match a particular development style and determines window layouts, editor behavior, IntelliSense code snippets, and dialog box options. The procedures in this lab describe the actions necessary to accomplish a given task in Visual Studio when using the General Development Settings collection. If you choose a different settings collection for your development environment, there may be differences in the steps that you should take into account.

While chat is often used as an example, you can do a whole lot more with real-time Web functionality.

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Any time a user refreshes a web page to see new data or the page implements Ajax long polling to retrieve new data, you can use SignalR. SignalR supports server push or broadcasting functionality; it handles connection management automatically. In classic HTTP connections for client-server communication, connection is re-established for each request, but SignalR provides persistent connection between the client and server. In SignalR the server code calls out to a client code in the browser using Remote Procedure Calls RPC , rather than the request-response model we know today.

In this exercise, you will configure the Geek Quiz application to use SignalR to display the Statistics dashboard with the updated metrics without the need to refresh the entire page. In this task, you will go through the application and verify how the statistics page is shown and how you can improve the way the information is updated. Press F5 to run the solution.

The Log in page should appear in the browser. Click Register in the upper-right corner of the page to create a new user in the application.

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In the Register page, enter a User name and Password , and then click Register. The application registers the new account and the user is authenticated and redirected back to the home page showing the first quiz question. Open the Statistics page in a new window and put the Home page and Statistics page side-by-side.

Notice that the information provided in the Statistics page is outdated. Refresh the page in order to see the updated results. In this task, you will add SignalR to the solution and send updates to the clients automatically when a new answer is sent to the server. To do this, you can execute the following script in the Package Manager Console :.

Real-Time Web Application Development : With ASP.NET Core, SignalR, Docker, and Azure

In Solution Explorer , expand the Scripts folder and notice that the SignalR js files were added to the solution. Open Startup. Open the StatisticsService. To notify connected clients of updates, you first retrieve a Context object for the current connection. The Hub object contains methods to send messages to a single client or broadcast to all connected clients. Add the following method to the StatisticsService class to broadcast the statistics data. NOTE] In the code above, you are using an arbitrary method name to call a function on the client i.

The method name that you specify is interpreted as a dynamic object, which means there is no IntelliSense or compile-time validation for it. The expression is evaluated at run time. When the method call executes, SignalR sends the method name and the parameter values to the client. If the client has a method that matches the name, that method is called and the parameter values are passed to it.

If no matching method is found on the client, no error is raised. For more information, refer to ASP.

Building Real time application with SignalR – Part 1 | Infragistics Blog

Open the TriviaController. Open the Statistics. Locate the Scripts section and add the following script references at the beginning of the section. This book shows you how to use ASP. NET Core to build cross-platform web applications along with SignalR to enrich the application by enabling real-time communication between server and clients. To further your understanding of the technology, you will learn logging and exception handling; navigation using view components; and how to work with forms and validations.

The rich code samples from this book can be used to retrofit or upgrade existing ASP. NET Core applications. Net and Azure Developer. He was a Microsoft ASP. Net MVP from to and an active trainer.

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In his free time, he enjoys exploring different technical questions at StackOverflow and forums. SignalR has been around for a long time and yes technically did work with Xamarin after a bunch of work. Now, with ASP. NET Core SignalR as they call it, everything has been simplified into a few simple packages for your backend server and client apps. At the center of SignalR is a "Hub" that handles incoming and outgoing messages.

A client sends a message to the Hub and the Hub distributes the message to all clients that are connected:. Here is the introduction documentation to browse through. The code is extremely simple for the ASP. NET Core backend web application. NET Core app, so there isn't anything for the Hub besides writing a few lines of code:.

This code handles all messages that are sent to the "SendMessage", which when received by the Hub will send a message with the key "ReceiveMessage" to everyone connected. Besides this Hub code we will need to configure the service and route in the Startup. Then in Configure we will want to add a route for the Hub that our clients will connect to right before UseMvc :.

Real Time Application ( Signalr, Web API, MVC 5, JQUERY, C#) Part 1

A few important notes here. If you are developing on localhost you may want to disable UseHttpsRedirection until you publish to Azure. This will ensure the mobile apps can communicate on the local machine. For our mobile. NET client we simply need to install the Microsoft. NET Standard projects and we are ready to code! Everything revolves around a HubConnection , which can be found by bringing in the SignalR namespace:.

After that we are able to create our local instance and connect to it. We are going to connect directly to localhost since I ran it on my local machine, but you can swap out the IP if you published your backend to Azure:.

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  • Now, all we need to do is connect to the hub.